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Les parlers grecs anciens d'Italie du Sud : de Rhégion à Tarente, à partir des témoignages épigraphiques

Abstract : The epigraphical documentation of southern Magna Graecia before the Roman conquest is very scattered in space and time, including complex texts, such as the Tables of Heraclea and the Tablets of Epizephyrian Locri and fragmentary inscriptions written, for the oldest, in epichoric alphabets and, after 400 B.C., in the Ionic alphabet. The study of epigraphical testimonies shows a close linguistic similarity between the different cities, in spite of the diversity of their metropoleis. Therefore we can talk about a single southern-italic dialect (in any case after 400 B.C.), belonging to the Doris severior, which was influenced by the Sicilian Doris and then by the koine. Only Rhegion, founded by the Chalcidians, stands out from this linguistic continuum and belongs to the Ionic dialect. The speech of the Tables of Heraclea has many peculiarities, results of hyperdialectism or analogical creations.
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Emmanuel Weiss. Les parlers grecs anciens d'Italie du Sud : de Rhégion à Tarente, à partir des témoignages épigraphiques. Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 2005. Français. ⟨NNT : 2005NAN21030⟩. ⟨tel-01776085⟩

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