Théâtre et enjeux spirituels dans les années cinquante et soixante : J. Audiberti, E. Ionesco, G. Schéhadé, J. Vauthier

Abstract : At first sight, the dramatic universes of Jacques Audiberti, Eugène Ionesco, Georges Schehadé and Jean Vauthier seem to have little in common beyond the rather vague fact of having participated in the teeming life of the New Drama. And yet, they are deeply united by the central role they grant to spiritual matters in the representations of existence they present. In such representations, the meaning of man's adventure is narrowly linked to the possibility for him to conceive his situation in terms of a decisive relationship with what lies beyond him. The first part of the thesis analyses the viewpoint of the four dramatic works on the place of spiritual life in the human city. This life is highly threatened by a protean sclerosis caused by the ravages of materialism, the tyranny of rationality, the question of power and the withdrawal into conformity. The institutional forms of religion being unable to provide men with the meaning they need, it falls to art to become the channel of the spiritual adventure. This common point being established, the ways that offer diverge. The works of Jean Vauthier and Georges Schehadé, studied in the second part, assert the possibility of a Christian orientation. On both universes the Christian line of thought most often assumes veiled and rather undefined forms, avoiding direct affirmation. Seen as a poetical adventure, religious life adopts in each work specific and very distinct modalities. With Jacques Audiberti and Eugène Ionesco, whose stage creations are treated in the third part, spirituality appears in the guise of an endless questioning alongside a torturing beyond remedy, which far from being hidden by humour is foregrounded by it. The stake for man's adventure is thus to persist in that unease which feeds on a passionate dialogue with Christianity, between reverence and blasphemy, proximity and alienation.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_2003_0010_HOFFERT_1.pdf
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Yannick Hoffert. Théâtre et enjeux spirituels dans les années cinquante et soixante : J. Audiberti, E. Ionesco, G. Schéhadé, J. Vauthier. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 2003. Français. ⟨NNT : 2003NAN21010⟩. ⟨tel-01776113⟩

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