Optimisation et faisabilité industrielle d'un procédé de fractionnement de la MGLA par microfiltration hydrophobe

Abstract : The study of new fractionation process of anhydrous milk fat (AMF) was carried out on two types of module : plane and axial. After a detailed study on the plane configuration, equiped by specific membranes, we noted that the behaviour of solid fat content of retentate compared to AMF initial was not satisfactory. This configuration presented the inconvenience of membrane fragility and cleaning difficulties. Thus the plane configuration was abandoned and an axial configuration, equiped with two types of membranes (hydrophilic and hydrophobic), was used. Fractionation on hydrophilic membrane showed TG partition cut-off at CN 40 between permeate and retentate. Thus, a permeate rich in low molecular weight TG (CN < 40) and a retentate rich in a high molecular weight TG (CN > 40) was obtained. Meanwhile, using hydrophobic membrane in fractionation gave permeate rich in low molecular weight TG, but also rich in polyinsaturated high molecular weight TG. 50, The physical properties, particularly the solid fat content, of permeate and retentate was modified considerably compared to initial AMF. Membrane fractionation of AMF is not an exclusif phenomenon because all TG present in the melted AMF could pass through these membranes. 50, membrane separation of TG was based on the physical and chemical affinity between the TG molecules and the membranes. This affinity was strongly affected by the hydrodynamics conditions of filtration
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Yacouba Diagana. Optimisation et faisabilité industrielle d'un procédé de fractionnement de la MGLA par microfiltration hydrophobe. Alimentation et Nutrition. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997INPL056N⟩. ⟨tel-01776130⟩

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