Daum, 1878-1939 : débuts, évolution et accomplissement d'une industrie d'art lorraine

Abstract : Jean Daum, who had hitherto been a notary in Alsace, was obliged to go into exile after the 1870 war. In 1878 he purchased a glass factory in Lorraine. At his death his two sons Auguste and Antonin took over his company which manufactured ordinary bottles and gobelets. About 1891 Antonin decided to set up an arts divisio, within the family business. This initiative was not one of chance, but was the result of his recognition of the role being played by decorative arts. The new line of products was, at first, limited, but expanded quickly.The revival of regional folk ornaments and shapes rapidly gave way to forms derived from nature which were more in keeping with the trends being set by current creators of decorative arts, namely Emile Gallé. Jacques Gruber and Henri Bergé were the first two artistsemployed by the firm and, together with its management, were influential in its stylistic evolution. Through their efforts, Daum develope into an art industry noted for the high quality decorative models it produced in a rational and profitable manner. Throughout its history, the factory, whilst remaining faithful ti its industrial vocation, succeeded in intelligently and successfully adapting to evolving aesthetic tastes. Thus, after playing a major role in the Ecole de Nancy, by focusing on forms drawn from nature, Daum became an important element in the Art Déco movement by using geometrical shapes and studying glass as a matter unto itself. The success of Daum is borne out by its varied production in collaboration with numerous artistes.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_2002_0001_BARDIN_1.pdf
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:52:45 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 25, 2018 - 1:32:03 AM

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Christophe Bardin. Daum, 1878-1939 : débuts, évolution et accomplissement d'une industrie d'art lorraine. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Nancy 2, 2002. Français. ⟨NNT : 2002NAN21001⟩. ⟨tel-01776149⟩

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