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L'avis privé au siècle des lumières

Abstract : The " avis privé " during the Age of Enlightenment. The endeavor of this research is to define the characteristics of a genus called " avis privés " within the pedagogical and moral literature. It was a traditional feature of aristocratic education to write down the moral code for a family member, concerning the behaviour in high circles. In principle it was only composed for the family, but nevertheless printed. The bibliographic repertoire of the " avis privés " reveals a long history about six centuries. From 1493 until 1996, there are numerous titles and authors. This thesis deals with a period of time from 1699 until 1794, the age of Fénelon up to Condorcet.The genesis of the " avis privés " shows that there was a strong influence from the " Prince Mirrors " and the " courtly guides ", which were inspired by ancient literature. Throughout history, the " avis privés " reflects all important social discussions within the society, including religion, feminism and politics. The " avis privés " is a moral chronicle of this period containing the ideas of honesty and social behaviour. Another effect of the " avis privé " is the emergence of a problem dealing with the justification of writing.Why write and for whom ? In the beginning the reason was simply education and amusement, but soon, through the genus of " avis privé ", it became a mean to express one's own thoughts, to obtain a kind of liberation. The " avis privé " opened a way to write discreetly about oneself, so that this genus is parent to the autobiographical literature.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:53:27 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776173, version 1



Ghania Anki-Weisel. L'avis privé au siècle des lumières. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 2002. Français. ⟨NNT : 2002NAN21015⟩. ⟨tel-01776173⟩



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