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Sarreguemines au XIXème siècle : la faïencerie Utzschneider, 1790-1914 contribution à une histoire des goûts et des styles au XIXème siècle

Abstract : During the 19th century, the Sarreguemines works located in the north of Lorraine on the German border became one of the leading centres for earthenware production in Europe. Very early on the factory introduced industrial production techniques. The work was carried out with the aid of machines or processes making mass-production a reality. Satisfying the public remained a key factor, and every aspect of the business was tailored to meeting the whims of the factory's clientele.This approach led to the manufacturing of objects of rather dubious aesthetic quality. Often, the technical quality of the workmanship made up for the insufficiency of the design. The company sought to react against the mediocrity and monotony of mass production through an increased use of decor and diverse shapes, adding plenty of variety to its catalogue. The wide choice available enabled the client to enjoy the illusion that he or she owned something truly unique. During the 19th century, the style of the objects produced varied according to taste. History was always a source of inspiration. During the Empire and the Restoration, the items produced where neo-classical and their models were English. During the Louis Philippe period, under the influence of Romantism, eclectism was the norm : Italian majolica of the Renaissance and French earthenware from the 17th and 18th centuries were all copied and interpreted. Exotic patterns were ever-increasing in number. Initially, the designs used had featured approximate replications of Oriental works, later happily giving way to something more in keeping with the spirit in which Western artists worked. Nature was always a favourite subject for the earthenware artists, and according to the period the representations of plants were marked by Romanticism, Japanism or Art nouveau. Earthenware also met a growing public demand for imagery : hundreds of series were produced with highly varied themes including the history of France, topical subjects, picturesque illustrations, or humorous scenes. For over a century, the production of the Sarreguemines works has mirrored changes in taste and style.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:54:46 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 26, 2018 - 1:28:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, September 19, 2018 - 4:03:54 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01776218, version 1



Emile Decker. Sarreguemines au XIXème siècle : la faïencerie Utzschneider, 1790-1914 contribution à une histoire des goûts et des styles au XIXème siècle. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Nancy 2, 2001. Français. ⟨NNT : 2001NAN21007⟩. ⟨tel-01776218⟩



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