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La parenté dans Garin le Loheren et Gerbert de Mez : étude littéraire, linguistique et anthropologique

Abstract : Garin and Gerbert show the idea of conflict between two lignages. The kinship constantly nourishes the stories and constitute one of the springs of the narrative's dynamic. It is important then to discern its textual manifestations, its modes of organisation in the social system of the story and to determine its impact on the general economy of the text. We propose a study of kinship that relies on the analysis of vocabulary and utilizes methodological tools of anthropology. The first part deals with vocabulary. The analysis of terms of personal relationships shows the preminence of consenguinity, the unconcerned character of kinship, the preference of stories for male relatives. The study of collective terms has shown that they can be used under a nominal form to refer to the protagonists or under a prepositional form to indicate the membership and/or the social quality of characters. This allowed us to notice that the majority of these words point out diverse realities : a grouping concrete or virtual of relatives and friends or simply of relatives, an abstract collectively founded on kinship. The second part aimed at the investigation of kinship starting from narrative datum. We pondered on relationships between the protagonists, on representations and practives related to ancestors and marriage, to kin's material, human or symbolic goods, to mechanisms that govern his functioning. It appeared that characters express themselves and are apprehended specially as consanguines. Links other than those between consanguines are due to the character's will to maintain positive relationships with other social entities. The matrimonial alliances, the baptismal kinship and the vassalage are seen as agreements (of non-agression) between two groups traditionally anamies or as active alliances that have been reached with a well defined pirpose. This study has shown in the social universe of the two stories the existence of a kinship system globally conform to the historical reality. It has also revealed a differnet use of kinship's datum for each poem.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:55:23 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776237, version 1



Despina Ion. La parenté dans Garin le Loheren et Gerbert de Mez : étude littéraire, linguistique et anthropologique. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 2000. Français. ⟨NNT : 2000NAN21001⟩. ⟨tel-01776237⟩



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