Analyse cognitive de situations professionnelles

Abstract : This research is based on the acknowledgement of the profound transformations in production and organization within enterprises. Economical globalisation and exchange liberalization have, indeed, induced constant requirements in flexibility and adaptability. Massive use of New Information and Communication Technologies (N.T.I.C.) constitute one of the most convincing effects of it. Before these postulates, another one emerges : low qualified labour force seem to be the less prepared to face these evolutions. Stakes in training appear to be imperative. In this perspective, we propose a cognitive analytical method of the task, where concepts are inspired by methodological principles of the analysis of the task in cognitive ergonomics, by Jean Piaget's operating theory of intelligence as well as Pierre Higelé's work in this field. This methodology of analysis is centred : - on one hand, on the formalization of the outlines of task stipulated in terms of operations and intellectual level required, - on the other hand, on the precise location of the cognitive progress of the operator in working situation. Taking into account the principle of measure of distances between the ordered and the real task, we propose - every time it is justified - a training centred on the reduction of these distances. In this field, we were inspired by works in cognitive remediation, and particulary on the ARL (Work-groups of Logical Reasoning).
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_2000_0029_LOUE_1.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01776286
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:56:16 PM
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Christophe Loué. Analyse cognitive de situations professionnelles. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 2000. Français. ⟨NNT : 2000NAN21029⟩. ⟨tel-01776286⟩

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