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Métiers de sociologues dans des champs extra-universitaires : identités, transactions et stratégies de professionnalisation

Abstract : This research based on the inductive and qualitative perspective of comprehensive sociology and on the structural analysis of biographical narratives, aims at showing how the socials professional identities of graduates in sociology are transformed by their jobs. The building of sociologists' identities proceeds from a double transaction both biographical and relationship based which they elaborate during the processes of scientific and then professional socialisation. The transformation of initial skills is made through a process of acculturation when it contact with socio-professionnal milieus whose expectations in terms of roles and knowledge are different from scientific references : new statuses and skills are elaborated through an inter-penetration of qualifications and jobs. The building of the professional skills of non academic sociology leads to social transactions producing transactional objects. The professionalisation process ultimately leads to the development of the hybrid scientific skills of expertise and the diffusion of an operational type of the sociology. These strategies of professionalisation are here studies in the light of the sociology of professions and strategic analysis. It appears that sociologists open negotiations in actor systems so as to accumulate a cultural and social capital enabling them to open margins of autonomy in the production of applied sociological knowledge. Yet they situate themselves in social positions defined on the basis of stereotyped professional classifications even if these socially constructed categories are not determined by an established profession. Yet, while referring to the professional ethics of academic sociology and to the social ethos of intellectual middle-classes, the sociologists of the sample nonetheless have “cosmopolitan” professional itineraries so as to accumulate experience and in order to knowledge to increase their transactional power.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:56:35 PM
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Frédérique Streicher. Métiers de sociologues dans des champs extra-universitaires : identités, transactions et stratégies de professionnalisation. Sociologie. Université Nancy 2, 2000. Français. ⟨NNT : 2000NAN21038⟩. ⟨tel-01776305⟩



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