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Le héros tragique dans les œuvres majeures d'Ernest Hemingway

Abstract : This dissertation aims at studying the Hemingwayian hero's tragic vision of life. The major works we will be dealing with are The Sun also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), To Have and Have Not (1937), For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), Across the River and into the Trees (1950), and The Old Man and the Sea (1952). First and foremost, we will analyse the role of death in Hemingway's fiction, because his heroes are often haunted by this theme. Love, which pervades most of his fiction, as a cause of -- or as a remedy for -- his characters' tragic experience, as well as the physical and psychological wounds at the basis of their tragic vision of life, will be analysed. The different ways through which the Hemingwayian heroes manage to survive in a hostile world will also be discussed. We will deal chronologically with the novels in order to see whether an evolution in the writer's vision can be detected. Since Hemingway himself received serious physical and psychological wounds, (the traumas relating to his childhood within a puritanical family, the shock caused by his war experience and his father's suicide), our purpose is to see whether there exists an interaction between his private life, which seems, on the surface, both exciting and hectic, and his fictional world. The fact that writing was not only a means through which Hemingway longed to attain 'immortality', but was also a remedy for him to ward off his feelings of nada will be emphasised and we will therefore also try to see whether, when the writer realised that he was no longer able to be the legendary figure he used to be, this remedy, which had enabled him to survive so far, was still powerful enough to save him from total despair.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:58:32 PM
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Abdellah Handaj. Le héros tragique dans les œuvres majeures d'Ernest Hemingway. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1999. Français. ⟨NNT : 1999NAN21019⟩. ⟨tel-01776367⟩



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