Enjeux institutionnels et organisationnels des mutations de l'emploi public : l'exemple des fonctions publiques allemande, anglaise, française et italienne

Abstract : This thesis intends to provide an analytical framework of the transformations occurring in the public employment in 4 European countries: Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Italy. Albeit sociological, this work rests also on a multi-disciplinary approach in order to embrace the various dimensions of public policy. Considering the hypothesis of a variety of national contexts and societal determiners, the here-presented methodological approach was drawn from the distinguished Ecole d'Aix theoretical works. National historical constructs and doctrinal conception of public services shall then be analysed within this analytical framework. One of our major hypotheses is that the development of the European Community can be seen as a constraining process that tends to have the various national specificities merged into its own ideological orientation. This process becomes visible when taking account of the weight of the principles of the new public management. In order to assume this hypothesis, we carried out an in-depth analysis of the European Community's written and spoken production as well as an examination of the relations between national and supranational levels. Those legally regulated relations do find their embodiment in the univocal modifications of both the production model and the manpower's mobilisation process appearing in every country. This observation, enhanced by a quantitative analysis in the 4 countries brings forward the evidences of an ongoing segmentation process in employment patterns, which is even more visible in local structures as they tend to become the standard in public services. This segmentation shows elements of flexibility, including new or modified employment status and quantitative adjustment of manpower. The whole of institutional, organisational and terminological reforms highlighted in our work lead to wide modifications in the national contexts, as well as it tends to bend the various national conceptions of public policy under managerial approach.
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Christophe Nosbonne. Enjeux institutionnels et organisationnels des mutations de l'emploi public : l'exemple des fonctions publiques allemande, anglaise, française et italienne. Sociologie. Université Nancy 2, 2005. Français. ⟨NNT : 2005NAN21029⟩. ⟨tel-01776419⟩

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