Les divinités féminines dans le panthéon mycénien d'après les archives en linéaire B

Abstract : The history of pre-hellenic religions, based on J. Bachofen's theories about prehistoric matriarchy, has for a long time strongly emphasized the figure of a great omnipotent goddess accompanied by a young god presented as both her son and her lover. Following A. Evans, lots of scholars have agreed to this view of dual monotheism, the more so that both minoan and mycenaean iconography, owing to the fundamental status its gives the woman (considered in that case as a goddess), seemed to confirm this theory. But as soon as 1950 M.P. Nilsson refused this one-sided interpretation of iconography and provided evidence of several goddesses. The scruting of iconographic data has suggested how numerous and varied representations of women were. But nothing enables one to make a difference between a woman and a goddess. Nonetheless the numerous texts we have - archives from cretan mycenaean and continental palaces - provide evidence of various and organized pantheons. There we find most of the great classical goddesses and other female deities who haven't survived down to further periods. Among these deities, Po-ti-ni-ja seems to occupy a particular place and she has sometimes been considered as the heiress of the great goddess. However, the fact that the title is used either on his own or mixed with various details seems to point to a phase of assimilation of different features by a unique goddess (as it is the case in eastern panthenon regarding the constitution of the great goddess's personality Inanna / Ishtar) rather than the splitting of the powers of a great omnipotent and innate goddess.
Document type :
Theses
File URL :
http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1998_0007_BOELLE.pdf
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01776426
Contributor : Administrateur Du Ccsd <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:59:55 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 25, 2018 - 1:32:07 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01776426, version 1

Collections

Citation

Cécile Boëlle. Les divinités féminines dans le panthéon mycénien d'après les archives en linéaire B. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Nancy 2, 1998. Français. ⟨NNT : 1998NAN21007⟩. ⟨tel-01776426⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

16