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L'étudiant européen voyageur, un nouvel "étranger" : aspects de l'adaptation interculturelle des étudiants européens

Abstract : What are the characters defining the experience of travelling European students during their year abroad in a culture other than their own ? Two types of data support our answers. The first set of data hinges on the concept of "the stranger" set out by Simmel in 1908. It embraces a collection of texts belonging to the sociology of the stranger where this new social type is analysed and various representations of strangers are outlined. Our hypothesis is that travelling students represent an alternative form, albeit in different social conditions, of this kaleidoscopic set. The second type of data includes material collected during interviews with fifty European students, in three different institutional contexts, at the end of their year abroad. Through these narratives, the temporary form of mobility which the students' experience represents is revealed in its general and singular aspects and analysed in terms of their special position in space, in time and in the social field. The student experience in a European context implies having to learn new spatial conditions and discovering that space may be portable and global. The traveller's position in time brings to light the delicate balance between permanence and precariousness, between the continuous line which induces one individual to travel and the hazards of a coveted adventure. The social position of travelling students between distance and proximity, membership and discontinuity, represents a rite of passage which put to the test as well their sense of initiative and their competence to establish a familiar territory and a social fabric for themselves. The strategies they avail of demonstrate their adaptative competence and more specifically the paramount importance of their linguistic capital and communicative competence in the socialisation process.
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Elizabeth Murphy-Lejeune. L'étudiant européen voyageur, un nouvel "étranger" : aspects de l'adaptation interculturelle des étudiants européens. Education. Université Nancy 2, 1998. Français. ⟨NNT : 1998NAN21021⟩. ⟨tel-01776442⟩



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