Un impact de la création des I.U.F.M. : la (re)composition identitaire des enseignants du premier degré

Abstract : In 1989, a law was to announce the establishment of the IUFM, to replace existing teacher education colleges. The professional status of a new type of primary schoolteachers (professeurs des écoles) is markedly different from that of their predecessors. This change was meant to get over various crises. the demographic problems, due principally to recruitment difficulties and to the ways in which age-groups were distributed, and the discontent felt by teachers on a wide range of issues could not be solved by ad hoc emergency measures and required a fundamental reform. The creation of the IUFM is analyzed from a sociohistorical point a view, through an examination of the preliminary negotiations, mythical bases and founding texts. The main components in the structure of the training course are discussed. it is argued that it was based on an assumption : efficiency depends on the 'modernization' of the educational system, which would be made possible by all teachers sharing the same background, and by an increased level of professionalization. But the various teaching occupations cannot really be considered as having undergone a process of professionalization, which is too easily confused with the notion of professionally. During the training and when they start teaching, new schoolteachers acquire the bases of a professional identity, which one would like to see 'recomposed'. the investigation reported here, which is based on a narrative, biographical approach, makes it possible to arrive at a fuller understanding of the reasons which lead people to become teachers. The construction of teachers' identity is to be understood in the context of their individual histories, in which their professional and personal lives are inextricably interwoven. The main purpose of the training they receive is to help them recompose their identity, in a broader sense of the term.
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1997_0009_GUILLOT_1.pdf
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Agnès Guillot. Un impact de la création des I.U.F.M. : la (re)composition identitaire des enseignants du premier degré. Education. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN21009⟩. ⟨tel-01776491⟩

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