Le modèle canadien à l'épreuve des années 1980

Abstract : Like many former colonies, Canada has been looking for an identity distinct from its two mother-countries, France and the United Kingdom, but above all from its overpowering neighbor to the south, the United States. This obsessive quest for identity led, during the 1970s, to the creation of a bilingual and multicultural social-democracy. Yet hardly was this model defined when it was faced with the political and constitutional turmoil of the 1980s: a series of agreements and referendums endeavored to meet the various claims of Québec separatists, native populations, and the western provinces, all of whom questioned the federal structure. The first part of the study traces the difficult construction of the Canadians’ self-image and confronts it with the perception of foreign observers (limited to the three countries mentioned above). An analysis of the representation of Canada as it appears in a selection of the French, British and American weekly press then follows the evolution of this complex mirror game during the 1980s, whose impact on the Canadian image was minor yet perceptible. The rhetorical systems and projections of the nineteenth century linger on, but the model of a federation allowing peaceful coexistence between ethnic groups seems to have suffered from the turbulent decade and to have given way to a model of political experimentation and democratic debate. The portrait tells as much about the artist as about the subject: the observers' discourse on Canada is revealing of their own self-images and their continuing ideological debate about the vocation of the new world.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1997_0025_BRUANDET_1.pdf
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776520, version 1

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Evelyne Bruandet. Le modèle canadien à l'épreuve des années 1980. Science politique. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN21025⟩. ⟨tel-01776520⟩

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