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La sidérurgie lorraine et l'expérience de la C.E.C.A. (la Communauté européenne du charbon et de l'acier) : 1950-1973

Abstract : The history of the building of Europe starts from the setting-up of the European coal and steel community, the E.C.S.C., founded by the treaty signed in Paris on April 18, 1951. From then on the iron and steel industry was brought to test the possibilities of economic co-operation between France, west-Germany, Belgium, Luxemburg, the Netherlands and Italy. Lorraine, the main region in France for the iron and steel industry, found itself in the front line; hence the interest of examining the changes induced by the first European community. Until then, the proximity of the steel and coal areas with Belgium, Luxemburg or Germany had generally been considered as a handicap. Indeed, the Schuman plan was going to give Lorraine a new chance. However, the chief executives of the steel industry in this region, as elsewhere in France, were hostile to the E.C.S.C., even though they eventually accepted it. The Schuman plan imposed a new way of reasoning on both sides of the borders. So, the E.C.S.C. can be given the credit for the reorganization of the steel companies since the early fifties, the reappraisal of the commercial strategies of the firms, the modernization of the transport system. The success of the E.C.S.C. largely contributed to the continuation of the European venture.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:02:17 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 16, 2021 - 2:34:03 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-01776522, version 1



Pascal Brenneur. La sidérurgie lorraine et l'expérience de la C.E.C.A. (la Communauté européenne du charbon et de l'acier) : 1950-1973. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN21026⟩. ⟨tel-01776522⟩



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