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Propriétaires et rentiers à Toul, de la Révolution à la fin de la Restauration

Abstract : In 1789, the church was the most important property owner in Toul with the highest private income. It possessed a third of the houses and two-thirds of the land of the Episcopal city. Outside of the town, possessions were six times bigger in area. But in 1830, Toul had lost almost all of its clergy and its property. Due to the sales of "national property", two or three residents of Toul out of ten were able to become property owners. in 1789 the latter represented only four out of ten. Therefore, the richest owned most of the land. But in 1820, more than three quarters of the land owners owned less than one hectare. In 1824 as in 1789, only few people lived by private means: mainly women on their own or retired people. On the whole, one taxpayer out of ten had a private income. Land rents were of significant importance in this small town where one third of its population lived from agricultural based activities. Vineyards represented the most important property and in 1829 accounted for a third of the landowners. Toul underwent a great break with its past when after the revolution the Episcopal headquarters, seminaries, two chapterhouses, six abbeys and convents disappeared as well as its wealth. Property therefore became more freely available. On the other hand, the daily lives of owners between 1789 to 1830 did not noticeably change. For the average citizen of Toul, with his life linked closely to the land, life and his daily routine in an urban setting remained predominantly medieval within the Vauban ramparts. The rich, who lived in church buildings, devoured by jealousy tore each other apart. Despite the fact that in 1830 Toul was a "sous-prefecture", had a garrison and many people on the move, it was still declining as in 1789.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:02:23 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776526, version 1



Jean-Paul Aubé. Propriétaires et rentiers à Toul, de la Révolution à la fin de la Restauration. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN21028⟩. ⟨tel-01776526⟩



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