Les grèves dans le textile vosgien (1848-1921)

Abstract : Strikes in the vosgien textile industry between 1848 and 1921 were a lot less frequent than in other regions. These strikes were essentially defensive when compared to her strikes in France. This sort of weakened combatively can be explained by a certain outlook on life which favors social peace and rejects the class struggle. Employers and workers have powerful common interests which are stronger than individual interests. Both social groups usually come from the same region which used to be poor before industrialization. Mountain farming was not enough to provide for their needs. Other activities such as spinning and weaving of linen and hemp then proved to be necessary. Thus industry was seen as a way to avoid poverty. Lots of small family firms, scattered in the valley, were set up, responding to the hopes and expectations of everyone. an agreement was reached to ensure the development of these firms, each social group was trying to avoid conflict which might be detrimental to the companies. However the dissatisfaction of the workers which can end up in a conflict arises when the terms of the contract cease to be respected, when the workers feel that the employer is more concerned by his personal interests. The typical vosgien strike is not a way for the working class to climb up the social hierarchy, to change or overthrow the political system. It’s indeed a means to draw the attention of the state and make it enforce the social laws. As the workers consider conflicts as not being really. Necessary in working life, they don't try to join a union. However their actions aren't without strategy and outcome.
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1996_0010_POULET.pdf
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:03:01 PM
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Christian Poulet. Les grèves dans le textile vosgien (1848-1921). Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 1996. Français. ⟨NNT : 1996NAN21010⟩. ⟨tel-01776556⟩

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