Les saints lorrains : entre religion et identité régionale fin XVIe - fin XIXe siècle

Abstract : The worship of saints goes well beyond the context of the history of religions but also encompasses elements pertaining to the history of politics, mentalities, representations and language. That of saints from the Lorraine region evolves according to three distinct periods from the 17th till the 19th century. First, a revival by the end of the 16th c., with the taking place of an appropriate iconography, speech and liturgy. Second, starting from the 17th c., the saint becomes of strategic interest for the power between bishops and dukes of Lorraine. Third, from the 19th c., one attends another "revival" with the Restoration period. That revival basically follows two events : the growing up of a regional "romanticism" and the will by the Church of extending its roots within the local environment. All this becomes all the more obvious when the worship of the saints of Lorraine is reinvested in the second half of the 19th c. as a result of the development of the lotharingism. The study of the rites and the holy space shows an assimilation of the saints of Lorraine by the people, which denotes the key place of those. The role of the saints may even exceed the geographical limits of the region (e.g. Jeanne d'Arc), remains regional (saint Nicolas, saint Barbe) or entierely local, as for the majority of the saints.
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Marie-Hélène Colin. Les saints lorrains : entre religion et identité régionale fin XVIe - fin XIXe siècle. Religions. Université Nancy 2, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006NAN21019⟩. ⟨tel-01776563⟩

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