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J.R.R. Tolkien (1892-1973) : bases des oeuvres de Tolkien : son art et ses sources

Abstract : In all his works, and in particular in the lord of the rings, the fantasy world created by Tolkien reflects his philosophy of art. The first part of the thesis seeks to analyze this philosophy of art, of which the kernel is "sub-creation»: parallel to divine creation there is, according to Tolkien, a sub-creation which is the artist's work. By means of this sub-creation Tolkien is able to create a fantastic realism, a new sort of truth. He manages this by using a blend of traditional literary forms (quest, heroic adventures, fairy-stories, legends) and personal inventions (world of "middle-earth"). If one considers this literary creation based on a mixture of erudition and invention, it may be wondered which type of reader Tolkien wished to address: child or adult? The second part studies the sources that nourished Tolkien’s works, by attempting to differentiate between myths, legends and fairy-stories. This part reinforces the idea that Tolkien, who was highly erudite, indeed follows a great tradition, but he also adds to it another dimension, thereby leaving his own personal and original mark on the traditional material. The aim of part three is to evaluate the use of personal experience in Tolkien’s works: Tolkien is a twentieth-century man and so inevitably this world is reflected in his tales. This part of the study is not only about the author's roots and the place of contemporary history in his work, but also his fundamental motivations - religion, friendship and love. In conclusion it may be said that in his "fantasy" books, Tolkien did not evade the real world as it is, but wished to disguise it so as to speak more effectively about reality as he perceives it.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776579, version 1



Roderick O'Brien. J.R.R. Tolkien (1892-1973) : bases des oeuvres de Tolkien : son art et ses sources. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1996. Français. ⟨NNT : 1996NAN21025⟩. ⟨tel-01776579⟩



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