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Hydrologie du bassin versant du Barada (Syrie)

Abstract : Barada is a permanent river which drains the water of the Anti Lebanon mountains. It irrigates the city of Damascus and its oasis (ghouta), at the border of the eastern desert. It warranted an harmonious equilibrium of water between the urban functions and the agricultural activities. today however the demographic burst and the rapid extension of the city towards the ghouta inverse the balance and put many problems: shifting of the ghouta towards the east, big water pollution, water deficiency for human consumption and agriculture, anarchical use and exhaustion of the water sheets in the plain, drying up of the El-Oteibeh lake, salinisation of the soils, advancing of the eastern desert towards the ghouta. the big human concentration all around Damascus (2 million inhabitants = 1/5 of the population living in the country, which represents 1% of the national territory) puts today a serious hydrological problem: the whole of the water resources of the basin is used for human and agricultural necessities, without covering the increasing water needs. The Syrian state has adopted the deep water sheets as potential resources, to fill up the deficiency in human water, on the horizon of the 2010 years. The planning of the water resources in the basin requires today a carefully studied plan, to assure the necessary waters and to restore the hydrological balance in the oasis of the Syrian capital.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:03:53 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 12:24:13 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01776594, version 1



Mohamad Ghazi Al Hanafi. Hydrologie du bassin versant du Barada (Syrie). Géographie. Université Nancy 2, 1995. Français. ⟨NNT : 1995NAN21004⟩. ⟨tel-01776594⟩



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