Les premières œuvres romanesques d'André Gide : une réaction critique au symbolisme et à la décadence

Abstract : This study analyses the critical reaction to symbolisms and decadence in the earliest works by Gide, from Les Cahiers d'André Walter (1891) to Le Prométhée mal enchaîné, including Le Voyage d'Urien, La Tentative amoureuse, Paludes, El Hadj and Les Nourritures terrestres. It lays the emphasis on three aspects - the writer's ethics, his writing and morals - which are apprehended through a theorical biais and it puts to the fore the deep-laid influence exerted upon the creative works of Gide by the criticism of symbolism. The basis for the different analysis put forward in this study is the analysis of Les Cahiers d'André Walter. The next three chapters successively pay attention to the criticism of the symbolists, their literary technique and literary circles, all elements which also correspond to Gide's own criticism of his first novel. The study is continued by two chapters which are dedicated to works writen after Paludes and whose sin is to investigate further into the outcome of the above-mentioned criticism and espacially to demonstrate how Gide progressivly brings to the scene a new conception of the writer. Gide's artistic evolution in the literary context of symbolism is thus best analysed through this study which also throws light on the quintessential part play.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1995_0005_WITTMANN.pdf
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Jean-Michel Wittmann. Les premières œuvres romanesques d'André Gide : une réaction critique au symbolisme et à la décadence. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1995. Français. ⟨NNT : 1995NAN21005⟩. ⟨tel-01776596⟩

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