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Organisation de l'espace et vie rurale sur le piémont nord de l'Anti-Atlas (Maroc) : le cas de la tribu d'Issendalène

Abstract : Situated to horse, between two zones to different vocation ; the mountain of the Anti-Atlas and the plain of the Souss, the tribe of Issendalène has known, and this until the beginning of the XX century, to pull the best party of this favorable geographical position by developing activities agro-pastoral. The arrival of colonists to years 1940 and especially the development of a modern sector on the plain has created a rupture of these complementarity, this that has entailed, not only, a disorganization and imblance of the ancient organization of the space, but especially a contrast seizing between the zone of the mountain and that the plain. This last has rapidly developed to the detriment of the traditional sector : the pumpe in the plain has entailed the lowering of the tablecloth phreatique ; consequence tarissement of the Khettaras and reduction of spaces irrigated in this sector. This new situation has provoked a new unbalancces between resources and population ; direct consequence a good part of this population has abandoned these traditional system is to be going to work in the great close the modern sectors, is all simply to emigrate in the great perhaps even Moroccan cities to the foreigner.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:04:04 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776609, version 1



Mohammed Fikri. Organisation de l'espace et vie rurale sur le piémont nord de l'Anti-Atlas (Maroc) : le cas de la tribu d'Issendalène. Géographie. Université Nancy 2, 1995. Français. ⟨NNT : 1995NAN21008⟩. ⟨tel-01776609⟩



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