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L'habitat seigneurial fortifié dans le Verdunois méridional au Moyen-âge

Abstract : The purpose of this study is to assess the role played by castles in the birth and in the development of the feudal system in the territories lying along the borders of Germanic empire and the kingdom of France as well as their influence on the settlement. This study is also a reflexion on the builders, the inhabitants, their life style and their comfort. It is based on a corpus gathered in the usual manner, using archives, cadastral surveys and fieldwork. It shows that there existed two types of residences, castles or fortress which belonged to princes and mansions which belonged to the gentry and were sometimes fortified. The former, eight in the all, can be found as early as IXth century but their building is regular from the second half of the XIIth century; they were built on heights and then, from 1250, in plain they were guarded by provosts. The latter were usually erected along rivers; the oldest, which are to be found as early as 1050 consist of a castle, built on a motte and or surrounded by ringwork at some distance away from villages. this structure were gradually replaced in the second half of the 12th century by the mansion which was generally made of stone and built on the outskirts of villages, until French revolution.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:04:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 30, 2021 - 8:56:18 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-01776647, version 1



Charles Kraemer. L'habitat seigneurial fortifié dans le Verdunois méridional au Moyen-âge. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 1995. Français. ⟨NNT : 1995NAN21023⟩. ⟨tel-01776647⟩



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