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Les représentations des dirigeants dans la conduite du changement organisationnel des entreprises privatisées gabonaises : nature, formation, effets

Abstract : In the state-owned enterprises (SOE) privatized in Gabon, the multinational companies (MNC) which have bought them, use a stakeholder (versus shareholder) organizational change, different of downsizing often proposed by various consulting organizations. In the field of strategic management, the research aims at explaining this stakeholder management. It advocates that such a mangement is motivated by the specific representations of the executive managers. These cannot be indifferent neither to the political risk faced with the nostalgic stakeholders, nor to the negative reputation of the NMC in Gabonese public opinion, because their practices are not usually very scrupulous. In order to identify the executive managers representations in their interaction with the stakeholders, this research is based on two propositions. On the one hand, one buying the SOE, the MNC enter into a contract with the Gabonese government. They must honour their commitments. Consequently, their idaes are not stereotyped and their cognition is necessarily situated for managing acquisitions. On the other hand, in an environment characterized both by the political risk and by the fear of little ethical practices of the MNC, their executive managers are necessarily in search of legitimacy. Timelessness of the relation with the Ganonese government depends on legitimacy. These propositions are valided in a model inspired from cognitive mapping. It shows that the executive managers perceptions and the consulting perceptions are different; what explains the particular way in which the MNC manage the privatized enterprises in Gabon. This qualitative and interpretive research retroctively infers a new view about the Gabonese state-owned enterprise, because its structural heaviness is relativized, indeed denied. It also contributes to the literature on organizations theory, human resource management and strategic management. Practically, it intends to be helpful for several economic actors in Gabon. Issues are also identified that warrant further research.
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUG_T_2006_0004_MEBIAME.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01776652
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:04:37 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776652, version 1

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Eustache Mebiame-Toutoume. Les représentations des dirigeants dans la conduite du changement organisationnel des entreprises privatisées gabonaises : nature, formation, effets. Gestion et management. Université Nancy 2, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006NAN22004⟩. ⟨tel-01776652⟩

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