O. Henry conteur et humoriste

Abstract : O. Henry is a pseudonym used by William Sydney Porter, who was born in Greensboro, North Carolina on September 1862 and died in New York on June 5, 1910. He stayed for a few years in Texas, where he published a humoristic newspaper; then he had to go to prison for three years and a half. O. Henry started his career as a short story writer and a humorist in earnest in New York in 1902. O. Henry’s narratives are characterized by omnipresent surprise-endings. O. Henry brought the surprise-ending to a climax. Besides, his introductions are generally short, and thus they conduce to the overall conciseness of the stories. Among O. Henry’s characters many are "dynamic", that is, they undergo a change, which makes them more interesting than "static" characters, as found in most short stories. However, O. Henry’s main interest lies in his themes. These are proof that porter, despite assertions to the contrary, does have serious and deep ideas to express on such subjects as society and its components, human nature, the big city, appearances versus reality, and the absurd. O. Henry’s themes are expressed through a multi-faceted humor, which springs from his personality - verbal humor, satire, "gallows humor", and a blending of comedy and pathos. The third interesting point in O. Henry lies in the response his work prompted, both among critics and subsequent writers. This response has led to assessments and thinking that proved beneficent to American literature.
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1994_0013_HAGE_1.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01776696
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Armand Hage. O. Henry conteur et humoriste. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1994. Français. ⟨NNT : 1994NAN21013⟩. ⟨tel-01776696⟩

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