Analyse de cycle de vie émergétique de système de valorisation de biomasse

Abstract : Actually biomass-based energy supply is a promising route for renewable energy system and sustainable development strategy. Methane rich gas from biomass can be obtained from gasification (Synthetic Natural Gas, SNG). SNG is very suitable, as it could be an important energy carrier. It could replace natural gas for electricity generation and heating systems and use the existing gas infrastructure. The main objective of this work is to investigate the syngas methanation, and to compare the environmental performance and sustainability for different SNG production systems. The French system (valorization of forest residue) and the Tunisian system (valorization of date palm waste) are analyzed and compared by using the Emergetic Life Cycle Assessment method. The inventory data are obtained mainly through process simulation by Aspen PlusTM software. The results show that increasing the steam ratio in syngas can avoid the carbon deposit during methanation process. The cold gas efficiency of the SNG process is 52%.The environmental analysis results show that high greenhouse gas savings can be obtained for each system. The transformity of the French SNG is lower than the one of the Tunisian SNG. On the other hand, the Tunisian system has the highest percentage of renewability and index of sustainability. The environmental performance and the sustainability of the two systems can be made even more attractive by installing the SNG production units near forests or oasis. Overall, the SNG is expected to contribute favorably to the future renewable energy system
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Zouhour Khila. Analyse de cycle de vie émergétique de système de valorisation de biomasse. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0306⟩. ⟨tel-01776703⟩

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