Etude de phénomènes de brouillage narratif : du "Don Quichotte" de Cervantès aux récits du XXè siècle (J.L. Borgès, I. Calvino, J. Barth, T. Ben Jelloun)

Abstract : Don Quixote by Cervantes (1605-1615) is the first novel linking together a narrative pattern inherited from the tales of chivalry and narrative interferences making the narrator hard to discover. Some twentieth century authors who are often said to be involved into a "literature of exhaustion", use these techniques in self-reflexive works which question the role of the writer as the full creator of a fictional world. The play of influences cannot be taken into account between works which are radically different as far as their period, their form and their themes are concerned. in some short stories by Borges which are chosen between 1930 and 1975, suggested or developed narrative chains often refer to a pre-text : the author defines himself as a craftsman who tries to find a place in a world where the essential points have already been written. In L’Enfant de sable (1985) and la nuit sacrée (1987) by Tahar. Ben Jelloun, a single story is narrated eight times by different Moroccan storytellers. In Se una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore (1979) by Italo Calvino, a chain of fictional authors and narrators is organized but their narrative is always interrupted at the beginning. In an American novel by John Barth's, sabbatical, the origin of the narrative is skillfully confusing. These modern narrative techniques show several functions. First, they reveal that modern literature is linked to the literature of the past. Narrative chains symbolize a quest for the author. The effects of narrative interferences show upset narrators who have difficulties to write. but the master of illusion in modern novels who is identified behind the narrators, found the meaning of his task in his awareness to work on a digenetic matter, somewhat restricted in modern literature, but which can be organized according to unlimited combinations.
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Laurence Kohn-Pireaux. Etude de phénomènes de brouillage narratif : du "Don Quichotte" de Cervantès aux récits du XXè siècle (J.L. Borgès, I. Calvino, J. Barth, T. Ben Jelloun). Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1994. Français. ⟨NNT : 1994NAN21022⟩. ⟨tel-01776708⟩

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