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Interventions sociales et médias : entre professionnalisation et déprofessionalisation

Abstract : The nineties more than the previous decades have raised a number of issues about the validity of social interventions as well as the professional ability of the common socials contributors. The latter are nowadays directly implicated or even challenged and considered less and less capable of handling social issues on their own. Presently, they are challenged by different kinds of other professional or voluntary workers who may as well feel concerned hy the social actualities. Thus, it appears that in this new context characterizing the definition of social issues and essential solidarity, the roles and functions belonging to the field of information, communication and promotion through the media, seem to play a part that becomes more and more important. They do not really give more means designed to insert, or look after the disabled or people suffering from maladjustment or any other form of exclusion. However, other means and especially another visibility in the public field will influence the existence and working conditions of several professional groups. The main objective of our research work is to describe the various mechanisms through which social intervention collects, from the medias, the items that will be involved in its construction or reconstruction. We also want to show how these medias take advantage of such elements in order to achieve their own construction. This means studying : first, what can nowadays be promoted by the medias in terms of common social interventions (me social mediatical work), and secondly, the part of social action which can be attributed to the medias and specially television (the social work of the medias). A better understanding of the co-constructions prompted or carried out by the interdependent and joint action of these two professional activities, leads us to observe and analyse the changes in the arrangement and layout, within the public domain, of the respective professional situations and identities but also in the cast and understanding of the role of both types of contributors. The transformations which are in progress in each one of the previous fields already appear to be as many elements of a same global procedure of professionalisation, and seen another way, what we call deprofessionalisation, and this therefore contributes to setting out a new production in the field of social reality
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Vincent Meyer. Interventions sociales et médias : entre professionnalisation et déprofessionalisation. Sociologie. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 1998. Français. ⟨NNT : 1998METZ008L⟩. ⟨tel-01776718⟩

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