Contribution à l'étude des propriétés de transport électronique d'alliages liquides à base de manganèse et de transport électronique et atomique du système gallium-plomb présentant une lacune de miscibilité

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to study the transport properties of liquid transition metals alloys and the atomic transport properties of the Ga-Pb system which exhibits a miscibility gap. We have measured the electrical resistivity of Al-Mn liquid alloys, which, is quasicristaline, in the solid state. We have also extended this investigation to Ga-Mn and Zn-Mn in order to examine the electrical resistivity evolution as a function of the position of the polyvalent metal in the periodic table. The resistivity has been calculated with the phases shifts m(Ef). Our calculation is based on two possible electronic configurations of manganese and two exchange treatments. We have improved our results in taking into acount the energy dependance of phase shifts and using the Fermi energy obtained by a fit on the experimentals resistivities of pure metals. In addition, we propose a simple method to determine the boundary of a miscibility gap for Ga-Pb system. The optimized phase diagram for Ga-Pb has been obtained by using the square-well potential. The purpose of the last part is the use of a new experimental technique to measure the interdiffusion coefficient in the non dilute binary Ga-Pb, which exhibits a miscibility gap. This technique is based on the use of a finite capillary to measure the resistivity of different section of the capillary enabling us to deduce the concentration profile
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Abdellatif Ben Abdellah. Contribution à l'étude des propriétés de transport électronique d'alliages liquides à base de manganèse et de transport électronique et atomique du système gallium-plomb présentant une lacune de miscibilité. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 1994. Français. ⟨NNT : 1994METZ041S⟩. ⟨tel-01776744⟩

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