La relationnalité de l'être ou le pouvoir de faire être : ses implications dans la théorie de la connaissance, en ontologie, en éthique et en religion : essai de philosophie et de théologie relationnelles : l'évangile né de l'existentialité juive

Abstract : Since man is constitutively oriented to other persons who are distinct from him, he is induced, because he is a finite being, to understand himself as if he were an object in front of himself. in such alienation he thus disregards is own subjective nature. A self-consciousness, that thinks of itself describing itself as though it were something "else", unfortunately leads to apprehension of reality overwhelmed by the "unitarist postulate" (the postulate of objective unity) which links unity to perfection of being and plurality to its imperfection. this postulate is inadequate to the i-you structure, because no with self-consciousness and freedom can exist without another equal being of the same nature, and it has therefore to be replaced by its contradictory, i.e.: there is at least one form of relationship between beings, which is "transcendent a perfection" as each one is a being on its own and distinct from the other. In the course of history, reek thought has imposed an "objective status" on our idea of the real, which could only be ruled by the unitarist postulate, cutting off all questions. Hebrew and Jewish thought, on the contrary, has experienced still experiencing the real, not as an "objectivated whole" that includes and dissolves it, but as a primary relationship which it is a part. it recognizes god in its transcendent unity, but this god is also its creator and its partner in an fulfill history, however Jewish thought does not raise the question of the ontological foundation of such an alliance relationship. But it has built up the concepts of the answer. A twofold stage has yet to be reached. Speculatively, what is the foundation in god himself of the possibility of creation and alliance? Concretely, what is work of god, required by ethics that goes beyond present reality in order for mankind to be liberated from the possible doing evil.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_1991_0014_DUPONCHEELE.pdf
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Joseph Duponcheele. La relationnalité de l'être ou le pouvoir de faire être : ses implications dans la théorie de la connaissance, en ontologie, en éthique et en religion : essai de philosophie et de théologie relationnelles : l'évangile né de l'existentialité juive. Philosophie. Université Nancy 2, 1991. Français. ⟨NNT : 1991NAN21014⟩. ⟨tel-01776787⟩

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