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Le personnage dans l’œuvre de Claude Simon

Abstract : In this publication, we have intended to make out how the characters in the fiction of Claude Simon may function and develop. We have made use of a critical apparatus based on semiology and narratology; we have studied the characters as consistent semantic wholes, spread out all along the text, conveyed by designators, built in the overall architecture of the novel, with a structuring role. From Gulliver to les géorgiques the characters with the work move through several periods. First, they strive with influences and tradition and have already lost their psychological or social balance. Then, they break up, caught in the discourse of a narrator or in the point of view of a character, who vainly try to reach reality through language. Designation is no longer sufficient to define them and them ara outlined through metaphors and recurring meaning units. In the following novels, as proper nouns disappear, they evolve into numerous signifies, which become harmoniously integrated into a text built in a musical or pictorial way. as a point of view, they remain a basic element bringing information and focusing on them, and thus, making the text rich. In les géorgiques the characters reappear as "heroes»: they act, writ, remember... and so, become once again one of the essential elements in a work focused on its actors. Sensitive to some influences, refusing to cope with the balzacian standard or the greimasian analysis, the characters of Simon are framed through metaphors a semantic consistency prodiding them with an internal balance and connecting them with the other actors and novelistic features. No longer appearing through a classical and univocal designation, they remain a pattern bringing their specificity and richness to the whole work.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:06:21 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776792, version 1



Bernard Heizmann. Le personnage dans l’œuvre de Claude Simon. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 1991. Français. ⟨NNT : 1991NAN21022⟩. ⟨tel-01776792⟩



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