Le principe de non-discrimination au regard de l'appartenance nationale dans le droit constitutionnel des États tchèque, slovène et hongrois

Abstract : The non-discrimination principle is one of the most important symbol of the process of constitutional transition as well as of the transormation of the concept of Constitution after the collapse of the socialist conception of rights. Resulting from the rule of law and the democracy principles, the right to non-discrimination is constitutionnaly expressed through a constitutional rule of equality and can be developed as legislative or constitutional form of positive discrimiation (special constitutional rights). Furthemore, if the constitutional formulation of the right to non-discrimination has been realised under the influnce of international and european conventions, its content has to be interpreted in the light of international law as well. Inside the domestic law, the right to non-discrimination is a public subjective right and a status negativus while a special constitutional right is status a positivus. At the same time, the non-discrimination is inseparable from the constitutional case law : a negative discrimination is always an arbitrary distinction and undermine equal dignity. In any case, the criteria of arbitrary or equal dignity require to control the comparability, the rationality and/or the proportionality of the legal distinction. In spite of this universality, the criteria of nationality imposes a form of relativity to the non discrimination principle since each State is able to develop freely its national question, to organise the protection of kin and national minorities. In the same way, the national question has substantially influenced the domestic rules of citizenship. Finally, if the social rights are simply linked to non discrimination and equal opportunity principles, the right to education, as well as the linguistic, cutlural and political rights are protected by the right to non discrimination and special constitutional rights
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUD_T_2006_0004_COLLOT.pdf
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:06:58 PM
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Pierre-Alain Collot. Le principe de non-discrimination au regard de l'appartenance nationale dans le droit constitutionnel des États tchèque, slovène et hongrois. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006NAN20004⟩. ⟨tel-01776834⟩

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