La place des services dans la croissance : application à une petite économie ouverte, le Luxembourg

Abstract : Because of the former tradition in economy, the relation of the services in the growth is considered as negative, even disastrous. The services are generally told to be little productive and source of inflation. thanks to the contributions of DE BANDT in France and GRILICHES in United States, thanks also in the development of the New Information Technologies, this idea is more and more questioned today. The weak productivity noticed in the services often ensues from problems to measure their product. Tools used to appreciate the productivity in the manufacturing are transposed into the services while they are not still adaptedto measure the product of immaterial activities. The object of the present work is to set up a model which reports the place of the services in the growth. Our works, which are inspired by those of ROMER and GROSSMAN & HELPMAN do not allow to identify the place of every service in the growth, but indicate that, in a global way, the services are source of growth and the produced quantities and the wealth of peoples. This result is not innovative in the sense where numerous activities of services are today considered for beeing the mainspring of growth, as described by GRILICHES, GORDON or DE BANDT. Our contribution is to present a theoretical model which justifies the emergence of the services through the rational behaviour of the producers (maximisation of the profit) and consumers (maximisation of the utility). This model is also used to try to perceive the impact of the dimension of an economy on its growth. On the basis of a study of the case of Luxembourg, it emerges that, in spite of of the smallness of the domestic market, and the weak human, finanacial and natural resources, the small dimension sometimes supplies a frame favorable to the growth because of a capacity of adaptation more important than the big nations.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUD_T_2002_0003_APPARU.pdf
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:08:38 PM
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Rodolphe Apparu. La place des services dans la croissance : application à une petite économie ouverte, le Luxembourg. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 2002. Français. ⟨NNT : 2002NAN20003⟩. ⟨tel-01776926⟩

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