Les freins au processus d'industrialisation en Russie dans la première moitié du XIXème siècle : l'étude des facteurs de croissance

Abstract : The point of view of the western scientists concerning the economic activity of Russia during the first half of the XIXth century was that any movement of industrialization had been happened, while the Soviet historians dated the process in the second third of the century. Today, the debates seem closed; they are of like even though the historians of the economy still wonder about the causes of the backwardness. However, they think that the serfdom inhibits the growth. After having estimated the growth rate of product in a comparative perspective, this study suggests examining brakes in the process of industrialization in Russia in the first half of the XIXth century. So, the constituent factors of the growth will be the object of the analysis, at first those of the supply and in a second time those of the demand. Two important conclusions emerge of this analysis. On one hand, the Russian entrepreneurs who wanted to develop an industrial activity had necessary factors of production. The population growth and the organizational structure of production suitable for the serfdom allowed the working supply to satisfy the demand. In other respects, the mechanization set up in some industrial branches having capital of industrial and commercial origin. On the other hand, the demand, from which the Russian manufactures determined the volume of the production, was restricted. In this period, the demand resulted exclusively from the inside, the international trade being dominated by the countries of Western Europe. However, the level of the demand was limited by a national market which was no very integrated, as a consequence of inadequate means of transport and traditional distribution networks, and by a very slow growth of the purchasing power of the popular mass living exclusively on the subsistence farming. So, the shortage of demand seems to be the cause of slow growth of Russian industrial production.
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUD_T_2002_0009_ADAM.pdf
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:08:40 PM
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Ségolène Adam. Les freins au processus d'industrialisation en Russie dans la première moitié du XIXème siècle : l'étude des facteurs de croissance. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 2002. Français. ⟨NNT : 2002NAN20009⟩. ⟨tel-01776930⟩

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