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Responsabilité civile et imputabilité

Abstract : Imputability, a factor that constitutes civil liability beside damage offence and causality assumes a nature which is both subjective and objective. This causal connection that enables to know the person responsible from the generating fact of the damage reveals man's place in the civil liability mechanism. The analysis of the evolution of civil liability in the eyes of imputability reveals the close connection between these two concepts and the problem raised by their gradual parting. Imputability used to hold a place of outstanding importance in the way in which the responsible person was designated. Nowadays three logics coexist: when we look at imputability from a moral and material point of view, it enables compensation as well as repression and prevention. it is split up in the cases of parties, body corporates, professionals liabilities and in the cases of general liability due to things and people. The suppression of its moral feature has enabled to involve the unequal persons ‘liability and has led to an extension of the notion of custody which is the foundation of the indirect liabilities. Then, only the theory of risk can explain such solutions. Imputability has been entirely suppressed by the creation of cases of rightful liabilities and by the renunciation of the non-imputability causes such as the case of absolute necessity (the infected blood case). in these assumptions, it is impossible to keep the true meaning of the word 'liability' and only the theory of guarantee can justify the irrefragable nature of the liability presumptions. This evolution is due to the development of the systems of collectivization of risks (assurances, guarantee fund, national health)
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:08:57 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01776960, version 1



Béatrice Laperou. Responsabilité civile et imputabilité. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 1999. Français. ⟨NNT : 1999NAN20001⟩. ⟨tel-01776960⟩



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