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Etat et société en Grèce : permanences et mutations

Abstract : The Greek state is a new state. The affirmation of national identity has relied upon language and religion. The construction of a unified and centralized state, imposed in part by foreign powers, has been accomplished with difficulty. The lack of civic traditions founded on trust and co-operation which was born of economic lack and inherited from the Ottoman Empire has laid the foundation for authoritarian and clientelistic political practices. The economic, demographic and social changes of the first half of the century upset Greek society, without public powers and politicians realizing their significance. The emergence of modern political party politics has progressively transformed clientelistic practices. For some years, the influence of orthodox religion on Greek political life has tended to dimmish. Political and administrative modernization is today desired for economic reasons and is justified by a social demand in favor of more equality in the community and less dependence vis-a-vis the patronage of elected representatives. Integration into the bosom of the European Union is a political objective which must give the Greek state an influence which it could not have on its own and which others, more powerful, could not contest. The efficiency of the services organized by the community is researched as a source of legitimacy for political action: the reform of the status of public office and the policy of decentralization (creation of a second level of local administration) are analyzed and evaluated. The dysfunctions of the public service of education are also considered. The goals of the reforms and their nature as well as resistance to change are examined. Rather than being determined from the top, political and administrative modernization must be built on a series of coherent decisions which have a cumulative effect. In order to enable it to succeed political powers seem to have chosen to favor administrative differentiation; the fair value (axiocracy) of individuals and institutions; the economic efficiency; the adaptability and the solidarity characteristic of a 'small country '.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:09:02 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 21, 2021 - 2:55:43 PM

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Maria Karamanli. Etat et société en Grèce : permanences et mutations. Science politique. Université Nancy 2, 1999. Français. ⟨NNT : 1999NAN20008⟩. ⟨tel-01776969⟩



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