La protection internationale des personnes déplacées à l'intérieur de leur propre pays

Abstract : The question of the internally displaced persons, of which the international community had long been unaware, finally drew attention of the united nations by the end of the 1980s. Unlike refugees for whom a regime of international protection exists, the internally displaced persons do not constitute a legal category which obtains a systematic protection in international law. Conscious of the legal lacuna, the United Nations attempts to conceive an efficient protection scheme through legal norms and institutional and operational efforts. The elaboration of a legal regime will consist in clarifying existing lacunae and in synthesizing the different norms of human rights and humanitarian law in the light of the protection of the persons concerned. Parallel to this, field activities constitute a genuine protection scheme. Diverse international actors, among them UNHCR and ICRC, undertake to protect and assist these persons by interpreting their mandate very flexibly. Nonetheless, humanitarian or development agencies cannot alone confront the crisis situation. Then, a humanitarian intervention undertaken by the UN Security Council can offer an alternative. This solution requires a double condition, that is, the existence of a crisis on a large scale and convergent political wills, which makes it quite exceptional.
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUD_T_1998_0004_HAKATA.pdf
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Kei Hakata. La protection internationale des personnes déplacées à l'intérieur de leur propre pays. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 1998. Français. ⟨NNT : 1998NAN20004⟩. ⟨tel-01776984⟩

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