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Unité de l'Etat et diversité régionale en droit constitutionnel français

Abstract : Archetype of the state-nation, the french unitarian state excluedes by that very fact from taking charge of any infra-national pluralim. France has always been confronted with pluralism and diversity. As a pre-eminently integrating model, the unitarian french state is actually a much more supple organisation model of political society that it seems to be, even if we often blame it for being too devoted to the tradition of jacobin uniformity. On the contrary, the french unitarian state, which is obliged to absorb the tensenesses caused by its sociological diversity, is able to accept some forms of particularism. Born of a mosaic of people and cultures, the french unitarian state was created and maintained as an organisation model of a political society precisely because it has achieved in building a national identidy, wich has been strong enough to supersede the identitary feling developped by each of its infra-national components. Once this national and subjective unity reached, nothing forbids it taking into account the most tanible forme of the infra-national pluralism. Embarking on the course of integrating diversity inside unity, the unitarian state takes cognizance of the heterogenous forme of its social body and thereby, affords its own strengthening. The unitarian state is not able to adapt itself in order to give an account of its human heterogeneity, but also to accpet some situations, wich are even more tortious to the state unity, even if involves making its initial position a bit suppler. Adaptation of the unitarian state is undoubtely more complex in front of the extreme situations like identitary demonstrations unable to any integration of territorial collectivies inside the community frame. Nevertheless, adaptation does not mean relinquishment and change of the unity lead to the conclusion of a bursting state-nation.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:09:25 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01777006, version 1

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Francine Webert. Unité de l'Etat et diversité régionale en droit constitutionnel français. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN20013⟩. ⟨tel-01777006⟩

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