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Esquisse de l'Europe politique

Abstract : The European integration is one of the major challenges Europe has ever faced. A draught of a political union is here undertaken as a distinctive policy response for the expected requirements. Within that framework, various aspects of the integration process are analysed: the extent of the EU's competence, its relationship with its member states and its citizens, as well as its own identity and external personality. in the background, the consequences for nation states of the internationalization of policy issues and growing mutual dependence of the states with a tendency towards a decay of their sovereignty. This context affects also the EU: the deficit in political legitimacy tends to increase, hereby threatening to ruin the whole process. The Europe-to-be-built must seriously consider citizen participation in decision-making, thus enhancing the so-long neglected human dimension. The views of the members of the European parliament were taken as a basis for this political draught. For the deputies not only represent the European nation, but they also defend its major philosophical concepts. The universal franchise grants them to weigh on the democratisation of the integration process. In order to put this political union in concrete form, we shall broach its jurisdiction, material and especially human competence. However, some reforms must be first undertaken before Europe becomes political, supranational, federal and democratic. This draught is deliberately positioned beyond any widening or other transitory phases. Indeed, once achieved, the political union is meant to be an actor on the international scene, being part of a shifting system. Hence, a new international society is shaping up; it would be composed by supranational bodies.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:09:26 PM
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Léonard Matala-Tala. Esquisse de l'Europe politique. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN20014⟩. ⟨tel-01777007⟩



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