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Problématiques de l'évaluation des politiques d'emploi : évolutions récentes, foncements théoriques, questions méthodologiques à partir de l'expérience américaine

Abstract : The interest in the evaluation of active labor market policies has been growing since the 80's in France. Evaluation practice has always existed, but we want to show that the form of evaluation has changed because of the role of state, particularly through active labor market policies has changed. Indeed, evaluation issue has come into light in the period of economic crisis which concerned all the advanced capitalist economies. Governments have to manage with the immediate consequences of crisis, like mass unemployment in France and growing poverty in the United States. The legitimacy of state intervention is threatened in a context of deregulation, where the United States appears like a model. At the same time, the intellectual tools which provide guidance for public actions became also unadapted (the planning programming and budgeting system in the us and it’s French equivalent, the RCB). The American experience of evaluation is praised and one can ask if European countries, particularly France, has been developed the same practices. First of all, the analytical framework of evaluation practices is exposed, as the institutional organization of evaluation, emphasizing on the American case. Then, recent employment and training actions, under the department of labor responsibility, are presented, as well as changes in the American labor market. At the end of these developments, evaluation appears like having several theoretical references and societal features. in a second part, American evaluation of employment and training programs studies (gathered in the united states in 1994) are compared with their French counterparts. the product takes form of five approaches of evaluation : the micro-individual one, process evaluation, cost-benefit analysis, the logics of using programs (from the beneficiaries and the firms points of view), and the macroeconomic evaluation. Each of them is developed as regards its theoretical basis and methodological issues. A more "comprehensive" evaluation of employment and training programs is expected from the combination of these approaches
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUD_T_1997_0015_PEREZ.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01777008
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:09:27 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01777008, version 1

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Coralie Perez. Problématiques de l'évaluation des politiques d'emploi : évolutions récentes, foncements théoriques, questions méthodologiques à partir de l'expérience américaine. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997NAN20015⟩. ⟨tel-01777008⟩

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