La spécialisation internationale des pays d'Europe de l'Est lors du passage du plan au marché : l'évolution de leurs échanges avec la Communauté européenne

Abstract : Before the transition, the foreign trades of eastern-and central-European economies were characterized by a dualism of trade, as the flows of trade with the Comecon and with the rest of the world were comparatively separated. This resulted in bipolar specialization, and consequently east-European products were hardly competitive on world markets. As well as by the running of the Comecon, the specialization of central-and east-European countries was influenced by a planned organization of foreign trade, inconvertibility and internal features peculiar to shortage economies. That is the reason why the transition towards free enterprise economy and the reforms which come along with it have had rather upsetting effects and imply the emergence of a new structure of trade. Nevertheless, as this specialization is of a structural nature, it changes slowly and the inheritance from the past is currently a handicap. This explains the upheaval caused by the disintegration of the Comecon and the difficulties in reorganizing trade with the west in spite of the partnership agreements with the European community.
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Régis Chavigny. La spécialisation internationale des pays d'Europe de l'Est lors du passage du plan au marché : l'évolution de leurs échanges avec la Communauté européenne. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 1994. Français. ⟨NNT : 1994NAN20020⟩. ⟨tel-01777042⟩

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