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Economie et bénévolat

Abstract : Two approaches are used in this research on the economic significance of volunteer work. First, conceptual tools are identified in different branches of economic theory which, applied to volunteer labor, provide rationale for this type of labor and means of evaluating it. Two directions are explored: - the value of time and the notion of opportunity costs, - the theory of collective action. Considering ethic requirements, these approaches are neutral or dedicated to the economic paradigm of self-interested man. This is not wholly satisfactory when speaking of volunteering. Other approaches have to be considered, such as the integration of altruism in the utility function. In the second part, using theoretical notions identified in the first part of the study, and American and French data on volunteer labor, an economic analysis of the offer and demand of volunteer labor is worked out. Opportunity costs show to be important in the decision of volunteering. The role of personal benefits derived from volunteering cannot be defined as precisely. Personal benefits do not provide sufficient rationale for volunteering. For that purpose, another benefit of volunteer labor must be taken into account and that is the provision of public goods. In that provision, volunteer work comes as complement of the public provision of this type of goods. Public policy towards the non profit sector is of utmost importance in determining the importance of the volunteer provision of public goods.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:10:01 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01777055, version 1



Madeleine Bousquet. Economie et bénévolat. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 1992. Français. ⟨NNT : 1992NAN20006⟩. ⟨tel-01777055⟩



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