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L'endettement du Tiers Monde et sa régulation

Abstract : The birth of a developing method based on external indebtedness corresponds to the financial needs of the third world, emphasized by the 1974 crisis. The Euromarkets provide money for it. In 1979-80, the OPEP reacts to the erosion of the commercial financial surplus. The United States adopts a monetarist policy. The debt service grows heaver. Starting in 1982, the supplying of the third world in cash diminishes. The weakening of the debtors is so great that only modifying the contracts is not sufficient any more. Deliberate -based on structural adjustment's politics- settle under the conjugated pressures of the imf and world bank. They have at their disposal peripheral mecanisms, as far the action of northern governments and commercial banks are concerned. Economic recovery includes two main ideas: insufficient offer and excessive consumption. this practice is not always successful, due to lack of understanding concerning the "long term" and to disregated for possible bad consequences coming from : - the fact that developing countries depend too much on exterior influences, - the rules of "real" prices, - devaluations.... participants do not systematically adopt a realistic attitude towards the solution these consequences. In fact, regulation does not meet its objectives. Presently, the financing of the north by the south condamns the borrowing system. solutions to the crisis highly depend on general principles such as reestablishing of positive transfers, and also on real efforts towards the poorest populations. Northern governments must stimulate economic potential, trades, and put a term to the uncertainties affecting the financial world. Private creditors would profit in providing money for the south. The southern establishment itself could be more rigorous in the economic gestion of their country's business.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:10:04 PM
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Jean-Claude Marin. L'endettement du Tiers Monde et sa régulation. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 1991. Français. ⟨NNT : 1991NAN20003⟩. ⟨tel-01777058⟩



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