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Identité de l'écriture et écriture de l'identité dans the New York trilogy de Paul Auster

Abstract : Auster's subject inThe New York Trilogy embarks upon a journey which at first sight displays all the typical features of the detective investigation. The 3 sections of the work present 3 heroes (Quinn in City of Glass, Blue in Ghosts and a mysterious "I" narrator in The Locked Room) whose stories interfere, reflect and complete each other. Beyond the deconstruction of the detective fiction they actually offer, these stories deal with a triad of quests for identity. Indeed, in their quests for their ego, the heroes experience the fragmentation of their identities and are constantly twinned with mirror characters. Through the experience of an inner void, they find themselves imprisoned in a chaotic world, and we are told the story of their struggle to form their inner selves thanks to the use of language. Actually, the reader is invited to follow the initiation journey of the person they mirror, i.e. the implied author, whose writing helps to form the symbolic dimension of the real author. Thus, the speaker who is in charge of the enunciation sets out on a semantic journey through a series of 3 stories en abyme, each of them bringing a new element into the author's personal world. This labyrinthine world, created by Paul Auster's writing, cannot be deciphered if you remain at the surface level of the mystery. A quantitative and statistical analysis of the corpus has proved useful to have a glimpse into the unconscious part influencing the writer's self, in order to find out if the 3 sections of the trilogy simply repeat each other or convey an idea of progression, and if they are to be seen as separate or interrelated. The linguistic analysis has given an overall view of the work and has led to its deep structure, in which 3 closely connected sections play an essential role in the building of both a vertical and a horizontal structure. It shows how important discourse organisation is for the subject to find a position in the chain of signifiers. The Alceste software analysis allows one to decipher the speaker's thought contents revealed by the networks of lexical items. The hierarchy of such contents is then studied in the statistics established with the Hyperbase software in terms of enunciative operations. The overall image of the trilogy is that of a Borromean knot, emphasizing the highly elaborate structure of its language. Paul Auster's has managed to establish a kind of "author-ity" over his discourse and The New York Trilogy is the first step toward the identity formation of a writer. Throughout his work, which he considers will always be in the making, Paul Auster is still spinning the web of his ontological questioning about the "grammar of existence."
Mots-clés : Romanciers américains
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 4:13:03 PM
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Dominique Coquet-Cardinal. Identité de l'écriture et écriture de l'identité dans the New York trilogy de Paul Auster. Linguistique. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2005. Français. ⟨NNT : 2005METZ009L⟩. ⟨tel-01777163⟩



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