La Russie entre fédération et empire : contribution à la définition constitutionnelle de l'Etat russe

Abstract : From the concepts of federation and empire and through a historical and legal analysis, this work attempts to answer some questions about the state nature of Russia. If this country has been formally a federal State since the adoption of the December 12th 1993 Constitution, the application of this Constitution shows the difficulty of this State to reconcile diversity and unity and to respect the principles of federalism. Besides, concerning the Russian Federation, it?'s more accurate to speak of an ongoing federalist system rather than a clearly established federal system. Therefore, we can record than after a first period placed under the signs of division and "extraconstitutionalism", a period has followed with a regaining of control by the central power, in the name of a "reconstitutionalization" of the federative reports but often to the detriment of the values of freedom and association, which are appropriate to the federal idea. Finally only the millenary history of Russia can explain the imperialistic resurgences of this State. The millenary Russia has indeed been marked by a federalism one may qualify as being "inauthentic" and mainly represented by the figure of the empire, whether acknowledged (the Tsars' Empire) or masked (the Soviet Union). The weight of this heritage explains why it?s so difficult for Russia to manage diversity and set an authentic federation understood of course, a democratic one.
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Raphaëlle Lirou. La Russie entre fédération et empire : contribution à la définition constitutionnelle de l'Etat russe. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN20005⟩. ⟨tel-01777306⟩

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