Impact et optimisation des microporeux sur le vieillissement et la gestion en eau en pile à combustible

Abstract : The aim of this work is to understand the mechanism of gas diffusion layer degradation. Comparing to other PEMFC components, these layer has not been much discussed in the literature. First, in order to study ageing phenomena, ex-situ physico-chemical degradation of the GDL is carried out using acid and water immersion or electrochemical degradation at high potential. Several spectroscopic, microscopic and electrochemical techniques have been used to identify GDL degradation properties. The results of these experiments show that physicochemical properties of GDL depend strongly on the operating conditions of the ASTs produced. The structure of the GDL aged at 1.2 and 1.4 V vs. ECS has been severely changed. However, immersed GDL in acid or water did not actually show any change in morphology and structure compared to its initial state. On the other hand, the results obtained indicate that, independently of the operating conditions, and contrary to what has been mentioned in certain publications, the PTFE of the macro and microporous layers is relatively stable during AST compared to the carbon compounds. Moreover, the impact of aging of the GDL on the fuel cell response determined by chronopotentiometry, polarization curves and impedance spectroscopy show a degradation of the electrical performance of the cell, at high current density, in particular in the case aged GDL at 1.2 and 1.4 V vs. ECS. Finally, to compare ex-situ ASTs and in-situ aging impact, dynamic driving cycling, FCDLC, which consists of a variation of the current and the voltage of the fuel cell over a cycle of 1200 seconds, was conducted for 1000 hours. The result of the electrochemical characterization during cycling show that the active surface is degraded and the leakage current density is increased. However, this FCDLC does not affect the GDL properties compared to the results obtained with the ex-situ degradation experiments
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Mariem Belhadj. Impact et optimisation des microporeux sur le vieillissement et la gestion en eau en pile à combustible. Génie des procédés. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0196⟩. ⟨tel-01906134⟩

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