Modélisation des échangeurs-réacteurs compacts

Abstract : Intensified heat exchanger reactors are promising technologies in the current industrial context because of their high potential to significantly reduce heat and mass transfer limitations compared to conventional reactors. However, the absence of simulation software for predicting their performances and optimising their geometry inside a flowsheet is limiting the industrialisation of these units. Preliminary to the development of such a simulation tool, flow characteristics, internal and external mass transfers inherent to heterogeneous catalytic reactions, convective, conductive, diffusive and radiative heat transfers are analysed, allowing the definition of simplifying assumptions. The identified relevant phenomena are then modelled and constitute the physical base of ProSec Reaction, the new heat exchanger-reactor simulation software. This software is validated by comparing the predicted values to the Air Liquide steam reforming pilot plant results and to three-dimensional simulation results as well (CFD). The excellent consistency between numerical and experimental results demonstrates the accuracy and the predictive potential of the developed one-dimensional model. In the specific case of wall-coated plate-fin heat exchanger reactors, a discrete two-dimensional model is built and allows the representation of radial temperature gradients in the material, which are intrinsic to these specific heat exchangers. Finally, optimisation perspectives of the Air Liquide pilot plant heat exchanger reactor channel geometry are evaluated thanks to ProSec Reaction. They demonstrate the flexibility and the benefits of this new simulation tool
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01935381
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Submitted on : Monday, November 26, 2018 - 4:11:09 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 15, 2019 - 10:37:06 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01935381, version 1

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Jean-Patrick Barbé. Modélisation des échangeurs-réacteurs compacts. Génie chimique. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0146⟩. ⟨tel-01935381⟩

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