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Optimization and Scheduling on Heterogeneous CPU/FPGA Architecture with Communication Delays

Abstract : The domain of the embedded systems becomes more and more attractive in recent years with the development of increasing computationally demanding applications to which the traditional processor-based architectures (either single or multi-core) cannot always respond in terms of performance. While multiprocessor or multicore architectures have now become generalized, it is often necessary to add to them dedicated processing circuits, based in particular on reconfigurable circuits, to meet specific needs and strong constraints, especially when real-time processing is required. This work presents the study of scheduling problems into the reconfigurable heterogeneous architectures based on general processors (CPUs) and programmable circuits (FPGAs). The main objective is to run an application presented in the form of a Data Flow Graph (DFG) on a heterogeneous CPU/FPGA architecture in order to minimize the total running time or makespan criterion (Cmax). In this thesis, we have considered two case studies: a scheduling case taking into account the intercommunication delays and where the FPGA device can perform a single task at a time, and another case taking into account parallelism in the FPGA, which can perform several tasks in parallel while respecting the constraint surface. First, in the first case, we propose two new optimization approaches GAA (Genetic Algorithm Approach) and MGAA (Modified Genetic Algorithm Approach) based on genetic algorithms. We also propose to compare these algorithms to a Branch & Bound method. The proposed approaches (GAA and MGAA) offer a very good compromise between the quality of the solutions obtained (optimization makespan criterion) and the computational time required to perform large-scale problems, unlike to the proposed Branch & Bound and the other exact methods found in the literature. Second, we first implemented an updated method based on genetic algorithms to solve the temporal partitioning problem in an FPGA circuit using dynamic reconfiguration. This method provides good solutions in a reasonable running time. Then, we improved our previous MGAA approach to obtain a new approach called MGA (Multithreaded Genetic Algorithm), which allows us to provide solutions to the partitioning problem. In addition, we have also proposed an algorithm based on simulated annealing, called MSA (Multithreaded Simulated Annealing). These two proposed approaches which are based on metaheuristic methods provide approximate solutions within a reasonable time period to the scheduling and partitioning problems on a heterogeneous computing system
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Submitted on : Monday, February 4, 2019 - 12:27:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 26, 2020 - 10:34:56 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-02005990, version 1



Fadel Abdallah. Optimization and Scheduling on Heterogeneous CPU/FPGA Architecture with Communication Delays. Embedded Systems. Université de Lorraine, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0301⟩. ⟨tel-02005990⟩



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