Saint-Martin de Paris‎ : pérennité architecturale, musicale et picturale d'une église provisoire fondée en 1855

Abstract : The parish church of Saint-Martin-des-Champs in the current 10th district of Paris, was founded at the beginning of the Second Empire, in 1854, to meet the expectations of the population of a suburb of Paris in full transformation, the neighborhood of Château-d'Eau. Erected at 36 rue des Marais, thanks to the zeal and generosity of Father Bruyère, the first parish priest, it was opened for worship on January 31, 1856.In this dissertation is investigated a unique case in Paris. It is demonstrated how, over a century and a half, the history of Saint-Martin was that of a temporary facility (sooner or later, the church was meant to be demolished and eventually replaced) which, by virtue of exceptional institutional sustainability, has remained in service until today. The building, a place of worship and of gathering of the faithful, is the focus of this monograph. It can be witnessed on its walls the inextricable traces of this transition from provisional to permanent premise. In the urban and religious topography of the capital, these traces bear witness of its history and origins inseparable from the other succursales constructed at the same time in response to the needs of evangelization, and the desire of the archbishop of Paris, Monseigneur Sibour.The intrinsic interest of the history of Saint-Martin justified a specific monographic approach. The peculiar status of the church ended with the law of the separation of Church and State introduced in the early twentieth century. Thus, it was necessary to bring to light its factors as well as its institutional and artistic stakes inseparable from the historical context. At the intersection of urban geography, religious, political and social history of art (architecture, painting), music and organology, this study aims for a comparative approach to understand what happened, what was decided and implemented at particular moments in Saint-Martin. In doing so, it was necessary to extend the research to other special cases already investigated or not. The similarities and differences that had emerged allow to refine the historical outline of the church of Saint-Martin
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Jean-Marc Leblanc. Saint-Martin de Paris‎ : pérennité architecturale, musicale et picturale d'une église provisoire fondée en 1855. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0216⟩. ⟨tel-02052086⟩

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